Non SF

Your Inner Fish, Neil Shubin, ISBN 978-0375424472

SF

(this list is obsolete)

See also http://www.fantasticfiction.co.uk/

Tips van Hans

Comics

Stross writes

Sure:

The Quantum Thief by Hannu Rajaniemi is going to be the big new hard-sf launch of 2010. (Due out at the end of next month ...)

Holy Fire by Bruce Sterling -- 13 years old and unjustly overlooked, this ought to be one of the classics of medium-future extrapolation (along with last year's The Caryatids).

And if you like hard-SF/adventure/high concept, you could do a lot worse than explore the works of John Meaney, possibly starting with Paradox (the first of the Nulapeiron trilogy).

... But I'm a lousy person to ask about new writers; I'm too busy writing to read widely in the field.